Montesquieu, political philosopher who lived during the Age of Enlightenment
Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu (January 18, 1689 – February 10, 1755) is generally referred to as simply Montesquieu. He was a French lawyer, a man of letters, and a political philosopher who lived during the Age of Enlightenment.
He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He is also known for doing more than any other author to secure the place of the word “despotism” in the political lexicon.