Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle, a physician, in 1887 he published “A Study in Scarlet,” the first of four novels about Holmes and Dr. Watson
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (May 22, 1859 – July 7, 1930) was a British writer best known for his detective fiction featuring the character Sherlock Holmes. Originally a physician, in 1887 he published A Study in Scarlet, the first of four novels about Holmes and Dr. Watson. In addition, Doyle wrote more than 50 short stories featuring the famous detective.
The Sherlock Holmes stories are generally considered milestones in the field of crime fiction. Doyle is also known for writing the fictional adventures of Professor Challenger and for propagating the mystery of the Mary Celeste.
He was a prolific writer whose other works include fantasy and science fiction stories, plays, romances, poetry, non-fiction and historical novels.